Saturday, February 25, 2006

Orphans and Vulnerable Children

According to studies, by 2010 their will be approximately 25 million children worldwide orphaned by AIDS. This article highlights the complexity of providing effective care and support to orphans and vulnerable children infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS. Orphans and vulnerable children face numerous burdens: stigma/discrimination, caring for ill family members, enduring impoverished households (poor nutrition and health care), and difficulties both psychological and emotional. Additionally, this article details lessons learned from various countries engaged in addressing the plight of orphans and vulnerable children.

15 comments:

Nasir Al-Amin said...

ENTIRE ARTICLE:
Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Orphans and Vulnerable ChildrenAccording to conservative estimates, the number of children orphaned by AIDS will reach 25 million worldwide by 2010. But this estimate only tells part of the story.

Many orphans and other vulnerable children are themselves living with HIV/AIDS, caring for siblings and chronically ill family members, and living in financially stretched households that have absorbed other children affected by HIV. Some orphans engage in high-risk behaviors to support themselves and their families. According to studies in multiple countries, orphans are more likely than non-orphans to suffer from poor nutrition, lack access to basic health care, miss school, and face psychological and emotional difficulties. Children orphaned by AIDS face the added burden of stigma and discrimination surrounding the disease.

The impact of HIV/AIDS on children and their families is not a simple problem with an easy solution. The situation is complex, interrelated on all levels of life, and cuts across all sectors of development.

State-of-the-art components of effective care and support for orphans and other vulnerable children have evolved from the lessons learned in various countries and experiences from development, child survival, children of war, and other HIV/AIDS-related programs.

We have learned that effective care and support for these children depends upon appropriate:
• Policy and law
• Medical care
• Socioeconomic support
• Psychological support
• Education
• Human rights
• Community-based programs
We have also learned that interventions to provide care and support for orphans and vulnerable children should:
• Emphasize community rather than institutional care
• Strengthen the care and coping capacities of families and communities
• Involve children and youth as active participants
• Build broad collaboration among key stakeholders in all sectors
• Apply a long-term perspective
• Integrate with other prevention, care and support services
Related FHI publications

Conducting a Participatory Situation Analysis of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV/AIDS: Guidelines and Tools

Catholic AIDS Action Manuals Offer Counseling Guidance for Children and Others Affected by HIV/AIDS

FHI Briefs: Orphans and Vulnerable Children - 2 pages (1.42MB)

Care for Orphans, Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Other Vulnerable Children: A Strategic Framework

Findings of the Orphans and Vulnerable Children Psychosocial Survey Januray 2003

2nd National Conference on Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children (OVC) "Facing Challenges, Ensuring Futures" Windhoek, Namibia, 25-27 June 2002 SUMMARY REPORT

2002 Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Workshop on Children Affected by HIV/AIDS

The Situation of Orphans in Haiti: A Summary Assessment: A Preliminary Assessment of Orphans and Vulnerable Children with a Focus on Children Affected by HIV/AIDS (2002)

Meeting on African Children Without Family Care Windhoek, Namibia (2002)

Strengthening National Responses: Southern Africa Workshop on Orphans and other Vulnerable Children (Translation alert: This report is also available in Portuguese.)

'Kuana's Birthday Wish': An Instructional Storybook for OVC

Building Community-Based Partnerships to Support AIDS Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Zambia

Cambodian Monks Work as Change Agents for HIV/AIDS Care and Support

Voices from the Communities: The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Lives of Orphaned Children and their Guardians

Telling Our Stories: Children Deal with Loss, Grief and Transition

West and Central Africa Regional Workshop on Orphans and other Vulnerable Children Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire, 8-12, April 2002

Results of the Orphans and Vulnerable Children Head of Household Baseline Survey in Four Districts in Zambia (2002)

Fact sheet, Care for Orphans, Children Affected by HIV/AIDS, and Other Vulnerable Children

Proceedings of a Consultative Meeting on Orphans and Other Children Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS

First National Conference on Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children, Windhoek, NamibiaOther Online OVC Resources

Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children Support Toolkit

FHI and the International HIV/AIDS Alliance have launched a new online toolkit for those working with orphans and other vulnerable children. The toolkit is a collection of information, tools and guidance on supporting orphans and other vulnerable children living in a world with HIV/AIDS. Visit the toolkit Web site at http://www.ovcsupport.net.

Children in Distress (CINDI)

Displaced Children and Orphans Fund

Firelight Foundation

Hope for African Children Initiate

International HIV/AIDS Alliance

Synergy Project

USAID

UNICEF

Anonymous said...

I love your website. It has a lot of great pictures and is very informative.
»

Anonymous said...

I'm impressed with your site, very nice graphics!
»

Anonymous said...

Your website has a useful information for beginners like me.
»

Anonymous said...

Hey what a great site keep up the work its excellent.
»

Anonymous said...

Super color scheme, I like it! Good job. Go on.
»

Anonymous said...

Looks nice! Awesome content. Good job guys.
»

Anonymous said...

I love your website. It has a lot of great pictures and is very informative.
»

Anonymous said...

Hmm I love the idea behind this website, very unique.
»

Anonymous said...

Here are some links that I believe will be interested

Anonymous said...

Here are some links that I believe will be interested

Anonymous said...

I say briefly: Best! Useful information. Good job guys.
»

Anonymous said...

I like it! Good job. Go on.
»

HealthReviews said...

Hi, my name is Kenny Williams and I have suffered from severe acne. In fact, I also had problems with hair loss and weight loss and I lost all self confidence at some point and all my friends too. Now, a few months later, after discovering the Health Reviews website, I feel much much better. After reading their success stories and recommendations, their Top Health Reviews really helped me. Do you realize how good can this be? NO more problems. Finally I can got back my smile. That is the reason I am so happy now!

No Hassle Loans said...

Hey nice blog. Although it�s not what I was looking for. I am looking for info on Payday Loans or a Cash Advance so I can buy some Hoodia Diet Pills.. I found your blog very interesting